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Heineken gives up building a factory near an archaeological site in Minas Gerais | Culture

The multinational Heineken desisted from building a beer factory in the city of Pedro Leopoldo, 25 kilometers from the capital Belo Horizonte and only 800 meters from Lapa Vermelha, one of the two main archaeological sites in the world. This is the region where in 1974 the fossil of Luzia was found, known as the oldest woman in the Americas. The decision was announced by the company on this second fair, December 13. It was taken, explains a statement, “after a few months of dialogue on the different understandings of bodies involved in society in general, related to the proximity of the current land with an important area of ​​environmental and archaeological preservation of the region”. The company affirms that it will announce shortly or new location that it will receive the factory. According to Mauro Homem, director of Cervejaria Corporate Affairs, the construction of a new non-local plant would only mean the support of the entire society, including give them that contribute to the socio-environmental development of the region. “We understand that our non-local permanence still divides opinions and that, to continue moving forward, we would have to dedicate more time to carrying out new studies. Therefore, we made the decision to look for another area that will meet the demand for the next two years”, he explained. He stressed that the decisions of the company take into account or care with the people in the environment. “We follow all the rites to obtain an environmental license and we have judicial authorization to build a brewery, or that demonstrates the legality of the entire process in the way we conduct our operations”, he highlighted. The oldest woman in the AmericasEdit However, or I have always been controversial, according to what EL PAÍS reported in November. In December of last year, the announcement of the factory was received with enthusiasm by the Governor of Minas Gerais, Romeu Zema, especially at a time of acute economic crisis due to the pandemic. The idea was to invest 1.8 billion reais in a business that would produce 760 thousand liters of beer per year and generate 350 businesses. In April of this year, the company formalized the requests with the Secretary of the Environment and Sustainable Development (SEMAD) of the State. The license to erect the plant was granted in August of this year and the works were to begin. More foram paralyzed um depois, after recommendations of the Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMbio) and the Public Ministry of the State of Minas Gerais (MPMG), which request the suspension of the license. Heineken went through, got a favorable preliminary, but decided not to resume the works after a request from the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Cultural (Iphan) —a company that itself had consulted or organ, mandatory procedure for which it intends to make use of only the country. The licensing process still has another inconsistency: no conclusive studies of hydrogeological impacts in the region were presented. Likewise, he obtained authorization from SEMAD to continue the work. The Brazilian Archeology Society (SAB) decided to publish a note criticizing the conduct of the license and the absence of popular participation. “It is incorrect that the Environmental Licensing process takes place under the tutelage only of the SEMAD of Minas Gerais, without the involvement of the federal body, such as Iphan. Além disso, it is inappropriate that, in a region of international and notorious archaeological relevance, be applied or called Simplified Licensing, lacking studies of greater depth and archaeological evaluation”, highlighted the note. Professor Andrei Isnardis, from the Department of Anthropology and Archeology at UFMG, explained to EL PAÍS that the archaeological potential of the region is so great that it is impossible to say how much is known, just because, secondly, there is a lack of investment in research. “A Lapa Vermelha is a complex of caves. The skeleton of Luzia was found in one of the [Lapa Vermelha IV], but not all the foram areas excavated. We know that, without doubt, there are chances that there will be other discovered ones of the first non-local relevance”, he affirmed. At around 1.50 m tall, with rounded eyes and a long nose, Luzia fez is internationally famous for being the oldest woman. Americas and revolutionize the theory of population of the planet. It was discovered in 1974, by the French professor Annete Laming-Emperaire (1917-1977), during a Franco-Brazilian archeology mission. But its history dates back to at least 11,000 years ago. Three years ago, the skull of its fossil resisted a fire at the Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. The construction of a factory in the region where it was found mobilized the archaeological community in Brazil and abroad, which sent a letter to the Heineken headquarters in the Netherlands. The document highlighted the least three concerns: the possible impact on cultural heritage, the consequences that underground water abstraction can cause in the region, and the need for clear communication with the population living in the area. “We are deeply grateful to the community of Pedro Leopoldo, who received us with open arms, and to all the partners who joined the Heineken Group for this great project. We will continue together in Minas Gerais, we will assess new opportunities within the area we occupy and, for this community that has supported us so much, we will do a partnership with the Public Ministry for the preservation of the archaeological site”, highlighted Mauro Homem, director of Corporate Affairs da company.um two main archaeological sites in the world. This is the region where in 1974 the fossil of Luzia was found, known as the oldest woman in the Americas. The decision was announced by the company on this second fair, December 13. It was taken, explains a statement, “after a few months of dialogue on the different understandings of bodies involved in society in general, related to the proximity of the current land with an important area of ​​environmental and archaeological preservation of the region”. The company affirms that it will announce shortly or novo local that it will receive the factory.

According to Mauro Homem, director of Cervejaria Corporate Affairs, the construction of a new non-local plant would only count as the support of the entire society, including those that contribute to the socio-environmental development of the region. “We understand that our non-local permanence still divides opinions and that, to continue moving forward, we would have to dedicate more time to carrying out new studies. Therefore, we made the decision to look for another area that will meet the demand for the next two years”, he explained. He stressed that the decisions of the company take into account or care with the people in the environment. “We follow all the rites to obtain an environmental license and we have judicial authorization to build a brewery, or that demonstrates the legality of the entire process in the way we conduct our operations”, he highlighted.

No entanto, or project has always been controversial, as reported by EL PAÍS in November. In December of last year, the announcement of the factory was received with enthusiasm by the Governor of Minas Gerais, Romeu Zema, especially at a time of acute economic crisis due to the pandemic. The idea was to invest 1.8 billion reais in a business that would produce 760 thousand liters of beer per year and generate 350 businesses. In April of this year, the company formalized the requests with the Secretary of the Environment and Sustainable Development (SEMAD) of the State. The license to erect the plant was granted in August of this year and the works were to begin. More foram paralyzed um depois, after recommendations of the Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMbio) and the Public Ministry of the State of Minas Gerais (MPMG), which request the suspension of the license. Heineken went through, got a favorable preliminary, but decided not to resume the works after a request from the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Cultural (Iphan) —a company that itself had consulted or organ, mandatory procedure for which it intends to make use of only the country. The licensing process still has another inconsistency: no conclusive studies of hydrogeological impacts in the region were presented. Likewise, I obtained authorization from SEMAD to continue the work.

The Brazilian Archeology Society (SAB) decided to publish a note criticizing the conduct of the license and the absence of popular participation. “It is incorrect that the Environmental Licensing process takes place under the tutelage only of the SEMAD of Minas Gerais, without the involvement of the federal body, such as Iphan. Além disso, it is inappropriate that, in a region of international and notorious archaeological relevance, be applied or called Simplified Licensing, lacking studies of greater depth and archaeological evaluation”, highlighted the note. Professor Andrei Isnardis, from the Department of Anthropology and Archeology at UFMG, explained to EL PAÍS that the archaeological potential of the region is so great that it is impossible to say how much is known, just because, secondly, there is a lack of investment in research. “A Lapa Vermelha is a complex of caves. The skeleton of Luzia was found in one of the [Lapa Vermelha IV], but not all the foram areas excavated. We know that, without hesitation, there are chances that there will be other uncovered events of prime non-local relevance”, he affirmed.

About 1.50 m tall, with rounded eyes and a long nose, Luzia has international fame for being the oldest woman in the Americas and revolutionizing the theory of population of the planet. It was discovered in 1974, by the French professor Annete Laming-Emperaire (1917-1977), during a Franco-Brazilian archeology mission. But her history of hers dates back to at least 11,000 years ago. Three years ago, the skull of its fossil resisted a fire at the Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. The construction of a factory in the region where it was found mobilized the archaeological community in Brazil and abroad, which sent a letter to the Heineken headquarters in the Netherlands. The document highlighted the least three concerns: the possible impact on cultural heritage, the consequences that underground water abstraction can cause in the region, and the need for clear communication with the population living in the area. “We are deeply grateful to the community of Pedro Leopoldo, who received us with open arms, and to all the partners who joined the Heineken Group for this great project. We will continue together in Minas Gerais, we will assess new opportunities within the area we occupy and, for this community that has supported us so much, we will do a partnership with the Public Ministry for the preservation of the archaeological site”, highlighted Mauro Homem, director of Corporate Affairs gives company

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