Scientists discover skeleton with prego no calcanhar, better physical evidence of crucification in the Roman world | Culture

No one knows what it was or its name, because archaeologists are or treat the cold denomination of Esqueleto 4926, two 48 bodies (5 being children) found in November 2017 during the excavation of a piece of land in the town of Fenstanton, in the county of Cambridgeshire (England), for the construction of a residential condominium. Now, to magazine British Archeology It revealed that this person was crucified 1,900 years ago and that it even preserves or claims that it crossed its calcanhar directly, or that it appears, according to the archaeologists, “the best physical evidence of a crucification in the Roman world.” It is, furthermore, about a few tortured people who keep a pointed metal loop that they went through, because these pieces of iron were removed after the cruel death of the condemned, as they were considered to have magical or curative properties.

Or article titled Crucificação nos Fens: life and death in Roman Fenstantonassassinated hairs archaeologists David Ingham and Corinne Duhiggives University of Cambridge, explains that the body, corresponding to a man from 25 to 35 years old, was buried in a caixão de carvalho, something extremely rare, because it was a question of a person sentenced to death by the authorities of Rome. Além disso, the specialists believe that this unfortunate man spent his life as a simple slave, since his cinnamon bears are extremely worn, “as they were permanently dragged currents”, they observe.

Or martírio da crucificação, second J.Gunnar Samuelsson, of the Department of History of the University of Gothenburg (Sweden), was invented by Persians, added by Carthaginian and copied by Romans after defeating the Punic. It would occur in a public square, with the intention of serving as an example to dissuade those who intend to violate the laws. But it was reserved only for “enemies, criminals, rivals and slaves, not applying to the highest elements of Roman society,” says Samuelsson.

It is also known that one of the cruelest and most brutal representations of this ordeal occurred in 71 BC, in Via Ápia, in Rome, after the rebellion of the slave Spartacus, when more than 6,000 people died.

A morte two condemned occurred mainly by suffocation. O reu, after being tied or tied to the death post, he felt difficulty exhaling, a painful process that prevented the elimination of CO2 from his lungs (hypercapnia), or oxygen was scarce in a few minutes. Or crucified, a desperate attempt to breathe, supported us, as the pain increased in his extremities and the agony increased. Be the merciful fosse executioner, break the legs so that the death fosse more quickly.

The crucified of Fenstanton, supported or studied at the University of Cambridge, lived in a village built next to called Via Devana, a road that linked two important Roman cities of the time, Cambridge and Godmanchester, and which currently corresponds to the A14 road. This settlement, second or study of Ingham and Duhig, was maintained for centuries, “judging by the high number of coins flattened during the excavations and the large volume of ceramics and animal bears found.” The specialists believe that the povoado extended for about six hectares, and that its first inhabitants settled there at the beginning of the Christian era, or some decades before.

The body of the unfortunate 4926 was buried from the belly to the top, in a north-south direction and with the hands crossed over the pelvis. His mortal remains will appear, furthermore, surrounded by 12 pregos: one next to the head, another next to him, five forming a line on the upper part of the tomb, four facing a curve on the lower side, more than crossing it.

When the skeleton was exhumed, and since the body was covered in mud, or the hollow bone was not badly visible, all of the foramen were taken to a laboratory in the city of Bedford for routine analysis. When the technicians clean the bone remains, they discover the metal that crosses or calcanhar.

Ingham, director of consultancy projects responsible for the excavation, to Albion Archaeology, declared in the fourth year of the journal Guardian that “we know a lot about the crucifications, how they were practiced and where, thanks to the historical accounts. In the meantime, this is the first tangible evidence to really see how it works”.

Skeleton of a man, between 25 and 35 years old, crucified in Cambridgeshire
Skeleton of a man, between 25 and 35 years old, crucified in CambridgeshireAdam Williams

The importance of the culprit also resides in being the only one with physical evidence found in northern Europe or the fourth world, however in two of these cases we have not been culled before. The most known case occurred in Jerusalem (Israel), in 1968, during civil construction works. Or I asked for the same position as not in the British case, but it was not as well preserved. Some scholars have pointed out in recent years, however, serious errors in the investigation process of these remains and given that supposedly they do not coincide with the initial reports.

On the other hand, it is very rare that the body of a martyred on the cross, as in the case of the man from Fenstanton, is recovered by his friends or relatives, returned to his home or residence and buried together with other local people, mainly when or status do justiçado era o mais baixo da Sociedade Romana: um escravo. Scientists also do not know the exact place of his crucifixion, but perhaps it was near his burial, on the other side of the current A14, where buracos for posts and fences were detected.

Radiocarbon dating determined that this man died between 130 and 360 AD. C.. An analysis of the DNA, in turn, showed that he was not related to any other bodies found not locally (four small cemeteries two around), he was genetically part of the native population, not two Roman colonists.

Ingham hopes that a 3D replica of the calcanhar bear as the carved prego will be exhibited at the Cambridge Museum of Archeology and Anthropology, where it will be remembered that Emperor Constantine ended this heinous practice of execution in approximately 337.

Support our journalism. Assine or EL PAÍS by clicking here

sign up here to receive the daily newsletter of EL PAÍS Brazil: reports, analyses, exclusive interviews and the main information of the day without e-mail, from second to sixth. sign up also to receive our weekly newsletter on Saturdays, with the highlights of coverage during the week.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button