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The wood asks step in the construction of houses | Economy

After a journey through the desert with hardly any evolution, the construction sector is taking giant steps towards the forefront with innovation as its soul and sustainability as its non-negotiable essence. Thanks to industrialization, it is undergoing a metamorphosis from its foundations. Even from the prism of materials with the incorporation of wood, the most sustainable material that exists. Today it is more necessary than ever to change the way of making houses and the more recurrent use of wood should set the path towards this new construction. The wood is 100% natural. It is the material with the lowest carbon footprint in the sector. It is sustainable. It is recyclable. For all these reasons, its correct use contributes to caring for the environment and the well-being of people.

The reason that wood represents the great leap in construction towards sustainability is as obvious as that its factory is nature, which is why it is 100% recyclable at the end of its useful life and biodegradable, which provides clean energy. And not only does it not emit CO₂ in its manufacture, but it absorbs it. Its factory is the forests that are managed in a sustainable, certified and environmentally friendly way.

In Europe, the area of ​​forests has increased by 9% in the last 30 years, reaching more than 227 million hectares. In other words, forests cover 35% of the European surface. And 75% of these hectares are prepared to supply wood, always within a responsible and certified felling that aims at active regeneration through assisted or natural replanting of forests. mature that have already completed their life cycle and that do not perform their full vital functions, such as the absorption of CO₂.

The real estate sector has an obligation to return to the planet everything that has been taken from it in the last century and wood is one of its best cards: using this natural resource lengthens the life cycle and the release of CO₂, reduces excess stock of wood, minimizing possible devastation caused by global warming and favoring the assisted or natural regeneration of forests. In addition, wood allows, together with BIM technology, a new way of building cleaner and more efficient through industrialization.

This very basic material that nature offers already forms the non-visible load-bearing structure of the most advanced buildings through beams, pillars and resistant CLT panels. And its characteristics compete in strength, solidity and durability with traditional concrete or steel structures. And it has a higher durability than steel or concrete thanks to its good behavior against fire and humidity through special treatments.

It should be remembered that wood is a construction element that has been used since the beginning of civilization. Always valued for being an optimal and reliable material for construction. Sawn wood has a higher flexural strength than concrete and laminated wood has mechanical strength comparable to steel and concrete. In addition, the self-weight of structures made of wood is lower, allowing the dimensions of the foundations to be reduced. Another advantage is that it is a highly technological material, since the possibilities it offers are expanded thanks to tools and methodologies such as 3D modeling and printing or virtual reality.

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If you want to decarbonize the construction sector, you have to start using natural materials and create a new architecture in keeping with the environment and current times. With wood, the housing developer endorses its commitment to bequeath a better world to future generations and trusts that this residential construction system will be able to ensure the health of the sector in the coming years, making it resilient and, in a certain way, countercyclical

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